Phlebotomists typically do the following:
- Draw blood from patients and blood donors
- Talk with patients and donors so they are less nervous about having their blood drawn
- Verify a patient or donor’s identity to ensure proper labeling
- Label the drawn blood for testing or processing
- Enter patient information into an onsite database
- Assemble and maintain medical instruments such as needles, test tubes, and blood vials
Phlebotomists primarily draw blood, which is then used for different kinds of medical laboratory testing. In medical and diagnostic laboratories, patient interaction is often only with the phlebotomist. Because all blood samples look the same, phlebotomists must identify and label the sample they have drawn and enter it into a database. Some phlebotomists draw blood for other purposes, such as at blood drives where people donate blood. In order to avoid causing infection or other complications, phlebotomists must keep their work area and instruments clean and sanitary.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, phlebotomists are part of the medical technician industry, which is currently on the rise.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics expects this industry to grow at least 10 percent through 2018. Driving the growth for this occupation are the combined factors of a growing population, new and improved medical testing, and the increased availability of medical services. Because of these factors, it is unlikely that there will be a shortage of phlebotomy positions in the near future.
To qualify for the Phlebotomy Technician program, students must show verification of current employment in the medical field. The purpose of our Phlebotomy Technician program is to prepare our students for minimal career qualifications or advancements. Students will attend class 8 hours each week for a period of 2 weeks. Successful completion of all courses are required to receive program certificate of completion. It is mandatory for students to provide volunteers to complete the optional NHA skill requirements.
1. Student will apply knowledge in phlebotomy practice and quality assessment.
2. Apply professional ethics, and understand legal and regulatory issues.
3. Understand and apply “standard precautions”.
4. Utilize post-puncture care of the patient.
5. Have a foundational understanding in medical terminology, cardiovascular and lymphatic systems.
6. List different colors used to code blood specimens and what they are used for.
7. Understand potential pre-analytical complications causing medical errors in blood collections.
8. Perform venipuncture procedures, capillary blood specimens, and spirometry.
9. Demonstrate specimen handling, transportation, and processing.
10. Use knowledge learned in pediatric and geriatric procedures.
11. Gain theory and knowledge in point-of-care collections.
12. Understand differences in arterial, intravenous, & special collection procedures.
13. Gain an understanding in urinalysis, body fluids, and other specimen collection.
14. Utilize proper bedside manner and how to prepare the patient for venipuncture collection.
15. Enumerate the general guidelines for collecting urine specimens and describe the purpose and process of urinalysis.
16. Obtain vital signs: Blood pressure, pulse, respirations, temperature, height, and weight.
17. Demonstrate CPR skills for the health-care provider including use of the AED and emergency procedures.
Possible Career Paths
Dental Lab Technician
Clinical Lab Scientist
Medical Lab Technician
Cardiovascular Anatomy and physiology
Medical Law and Ethics
Safety and Infection Control
Venipuncture Equipment and Procedure
Dermal Puncture Equipment and Procedure
National Healthcare Association
American Medical Certification Association